by Gregory S. Doerk, Carlo Carraro and Roya Maboudian*, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
Journal:?? ACS Nano, Article ASAP | DOI: 10.1021/nn1012429;
Publication Date (Web): July 22, 2010
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A facile, rapid, and nondestructive technique for determining the thermal conductivity of individual nanowires based on Raman temperature mapping has been demonstrated. Using calculated absorption efficiencies, the thermal conductivities of single cantilevered Si nanowires grown by the vapor-liquid-solid method are measured and the results agree well with values predicted by diffuse phonon boundary scattering. As a measurement performed on the wire, thermal contact effects are avoided and ambient air convection is found to be negligible for the range of diameters measured. The method???s versatility is further exemplified in the reverse measurement of a single nanowire absorption efficiency assuming diffuse phonon boundary scattering. The results presented here outline the broad utility that Raman thermography may have for future thermoelectric and photovoltaic characterization of nanostructures.